2013年6月15日雅思阅读真题

发布时间:2014-01-02 17:00:10 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编
2013年6月15日的雅思阅读考试中,第一篇讲述的是女性在科学工程方面的研究,第二篇是语言家族的发展和传播,第三篇内容主要是运动员...

      2013年6月15日的雅思阅读考试中,第一篇讲述的是女性在科学工程方面的研究,第二篇是语言家族的发展和传播,第三篇内容主要是运动员成功对一般人的意义。下面,宁波雅思培训为大家详细回顾本次雅思阅读考题。

 \

 

考试时间: 2013年6月15日
Passage 1
Title: Female Undergraduate in Engineering
Question types: True/False/Not Given;
Matching;
文章内容回顾 讲女性上大学的,关于女性在science, engineer方面的研究。
相关英文原文阅读 Women have traditionally been underrepresented in the field of engineering. Recently, a number of organizations and programs have been initiated in an attempt to understand why there is a gender disparity in this field. These organizations often actively encourage a greater representation of women in engineering and greater recognition of historical and modern-day women engineers.
Enrollment and graduation rates of women in post-secondary engineering programs are very important. Undergraduate degrees are acknowledged as the "latest point of standard entry into scientific fields."
Countries such as the United States and Canada have more flexible entry requirements into post-secondary education, whereas countries such as the United Kingdom and Australia demand that students study math, physics, and chemistry in high school. Of the four countries, the percentage of female undergraduates completing an engineering degree was 18.5% in Canada in 2004 and 19.3% in the United States in 2005-06. In comparison, the percentage of female undergraduates completing an engineering degree in the United Kingdom was 9.5% in 2005-06 and in Australia, the enrollment rate of women in engineering was 14.1%.
There are disparities within the undergraduate engineering degree. Women are less likely to study mechanical, electrical, and aeronautical engineering than chemical or civil engineering. This may "reflect the popularity of environmental engineering among women."
题型难度分析 人名的Matching题属于简单题型,非常容易定位。而是非无也是常考题型之一,掌握相应技巧,难度不大。
题型技巧分析 Matching(人名&观 点)在近期的雅思阅读考试中出现的次数比较多。做这一题型,首先要明确它的题干是有序还是无序的(人名出现在题干中一般为有序)。其次要注意解题的顺序, 若是有序型的,则可按人名在文中出现的顺序解题,若是无序型的,按人名出现次数从少到多解题。在解题时,当定位到某一人名后,要特别留意此人所说的话(即 引号中的内容),而这一人名后附加的一长串头衔,则可省略不读。
Passage 2
Title: Language Family
Question types: True/False/Not Given;
Multiple Choice;
Summary;
文章内容回顾 关于语言家族的发展和传播。
相关英文原文阅读 A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestor, called the proto-language of that family. The term 'family' comes from the tree model of language origination in historical linguistics, which makes use of a metaphor comparing languages to people in a biological family tree, or in a subsequent modification, to species in a phylogenetic tree of evolutionary taxonomy. No actual biological relationship between speakers is implied by the metaphor.
As of early 2009, SIL Ethnologue catalogued 6,909 living human languages. A "living language" is simply one that is widely used as a primary form of communication by a specific group of living people. The exact number of known living languages varies from 5,000 to 10,000, depending generally on the precision of one's definition of "language", and in particular on how one classifies dialects. There are also many dead and extinct languages.
Membership of languages in the same language family is established by comparative linguistics. Daughter languages are said to have a genetic or genealogical relationship; the former term is more modern, while the latter is more traditional. The evidence of linguistic relationship is found in observable shared characteristics that are not attributed to borrowing. Genealogically related languages present shared retentions, that is, features of the proto-language (or reflexes of such features) that cannot be explained by chance or borrowing (convergence). Membership in a branch or group within a language family is established by shared innovations, that is, common features of those languages that are not found in the common ancestor of the entire family. For example, Germanic languages are "Germanic" in that they share vocabulary and grammatical features that are not believed to have been present in the Proto-Indo-European language. These features are believed to be innovations that took place in Proto-Germanic, a descendant of Proto-Indo-European that was the source of all Germanic languages.
Subdivision
Language families can be divided into smaller phylogenetic units, conventionally referred to as branches of the family because the history of a language family is often represented as a tree diagram. However, the term family is not restricted to any one level of this "tree". The Germanic family, for example, is a branch of the Indo-European family. (In this way, the term family is analogous to the biological term clade.) Some taxonomists restrict the term family to a certain level, but there is little consensus in how to do so. Those who affix such labels also subdivide branches into groups, and groups into complexes. A top-level (largest) family is often called a phylum or stock. The term superfamily is sometimes applied to proposed groupings of language families whose status as phylogenetic units is generally considered to be unsubstantiated by accepted historical linguistic methods.
Dialect continua
Some closely knit language families, and many branches within larger families, take the form of dialect continua, in which there are no clear-cut borders that make it possible to unequivocally identify, define, or count individual languages within the family. However, when the differences between the speech of different regions at the extremes of the continuum are so great that there is no mutual intelligibility between them, the continuum cannot meaningfully be seen as a single language. A speech variety may also be considered either a language or a dialect depending on social or political considerations, as in the case of Hindi and Urdu within Hindustani. Thus different sources give sometimes wildly different accounts of the number of languages within a family. Classifications of the Japonic family, for example, range from one language (a language isolate) to nearly twenty.
Proto-languages
The common ancestor of a language family is seldom known directly, since most languages have a relatively short recorded history. However, it is possible to recover many features of a proto-language by applying the comparative method—a reconstructive procedure worked out by 19th century linguist August Schleicher. This can demonstrate the validity of many of the proposed families in the list of language families. For example, the reconstructible common ancestor of the Indo-European language family is called Proto-Indo-European. Proto-Indo-European is not attested by written records, since it was conjectured to be spoken before the invention of writing.
Sometimes, however, a proto-language can be identified with a historically known language. For instance, dialects of Old Norse are the proto-language of Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Faroese and Icelandic. Likewise, the Appendix Probi depicts Proto-Romance, a language almost unattested due to the prestige of Classical Latin, a highly stylised literary register not representative of the speech of ordinary people.
题型难度分析 文章由三种题型构成,且都属于细节题,难度较第一篇有所提升。
题型技巧分析 是非无判断题几乎是每次雅思阅读考试的必考题型,且题量基本都在14题左右。所以对于这一常考题型,同学们一定要熟知其解题技巧。特别要区分清楚No和Not Given在判断标准上的差异。而对于一些考题中经常出现的经典考点,我们也要能够识别。
1. 数字(但年份一般不作为考点)
2. 比较(常见答案为NOT GIVEN)
3. 增加&减少(increase / rise / grow / climb / accelerate decrease / decline / reduce / crash)
4. 超过(over/more than/exceed/excess)
5. 绝对化(all/fully/must/only/unique/never)
6. 逻辑关系
Passage 3
Title: Indication of Athletes’ Success
Question types: List of Headings;
Matching;
Multiple Choice;
文章内容回顾 关于运动员成功对普通人的借鉴意义。
相关英文原文阅读 4 Things Successful Athletes Do (That You Don't)
1. Hit Your Key Sessions and Key Lifts
In any given week there will be some workouts that are more important than others. For triathletes it will be their long run. For lifters it could be the day they squat heavy with high volume. Regardless of the sport you will always find that top performers have one key session they feel is a vital link in the chain of events getting them to the start line in the best shape possible.
Figure out which sessions are vital and which you’re using to fill in time. When you dispense with “filler” sessions you’ll end up with higher quality training. Likewise you’ll find having fewer exercises in your daily routine allows tighter focus, which in turn will allow better lifts. This will enable you to lift more weight in the movements that matter the most. Don’t worry, if you pick the right lifts you won’t need three different cable curl exercises.
2. All Out, All the Time Is Not a Recipe for Success
Life has a natural state of ebb and flow. Trying to build continuously from week to week is unnatural. If the goal is to create a peak effort then it also needs to be understood you can’t have a peak without having a valley. It’s perfectly fine to push yourself and then back off, repeating this process over weeks and years. No time off from hard training leads to two things – injury or burn out. You can follow this ebb and flow pattern from week to week, as well as within a week (called macrocycles and microcycles in traditional periodization models).
Even within a session you need to allow for a natural rhythm to be developed in training. While there’s some merit to front loading your toughest exercises, for instance, in a session it makes more sense to build up to the hardest lifts. My weightlifting coach, Robert Kabbas, shared with me that in a session that prioritized the jerk, performing push press first was a good way to really warm up for the work of the jerk after. At the moment I am doing this twice per week and follow the jerks with power cleans off blocks – still hard, but nowhere near as heavy or demanding – before finishing with squats which is another step up again in intensity and effort.
3. Learn From the Pros
All activities have various things that seem like secrets to the outsider. Like hook grip in weightlifting or gels to cyclists. These things exist so athletes can perform their sport better.
If you’re looking to use elements of one activity to help another, such as Olympic lifting to help sports performance, then you will see that various things are not only helpful but make the activity safer. Lifting shoes, for example, allow you to be in a better position to receive the bar and allow a more stable footing to work from. Chalk allows you to grip the bar better. Are these things essential? No, but they will make a difference.
4. Skills Pay the Bills
Nothing bugs me more than hearing people loosely associated with strength and conditioning suggest all athletes need big lifts. The problem with this logic is that the time spent chasing those lifts will detract from sports practice.
The saying “looks like Tarzan, plays like Jane” applies here. It doesn’t matter if you have the lowest levels of body fat on court or the biggest deadlift if you can’t win the game. If you’re looking to emulate your sporting heroes then this last tip is the most important of all. While strength and conditioning is important it won’t win games for you until you get to higher levels when the difference in relative skill becomes much less. Spend your spare time on training sports skills. If you are a runner, run. If you’re a swimmer, swim. If you’re a lifter, lift. Don’t try to turn yourself into a lifting-runner and then scratch your head why you aren’t fast anymore (and make sure you keep your shoes on.)
题型难度分析 本篇文章还是以配对题作为主打题型,既有细节也有主旨,总体难度相对而言较高。
题型技巧分析 标题配对题(List of headings)是雅思阅读中的一种重要题型,要求给段落找小标题。它一般位于文章之前,由两部分组成:一部分是选项,另一部分是段落编号,要求给各个段落找到与它对应的选项,即表达了该段中心思想的选项,有时还会举一个例子。当然,例子中的选项是不会作为答案的。
解题思路:
1. 将例子所对应的选项及段落标号划去
2. 划出选项中的关键词及概念性名词
3. 浏览文章,抓住各段的主题句和核心词(尤其是反复出现的核心词),重点关注段落首句、第二句与末句
4. 与段落主题句同义或包含段落核心词的选项为正确答案

宁波朗阁培训中心——宁波雅思培训首选,您最明智的选择。

       宁波朗阁雅思培训正在火热招生中,10-15小班授课,多年从教名师指导,专门为您订制的个性化服务,系统有效的技巧点拨,让你的雅思考程走的更轻松。
来雅思官网报名,优惠立享!
  QQ:2687425980
  宁波朗阁官网:http://nb.longre.cn

本文网址:http://nb.longre.cn/zhenti/1081-3683.html

雅思真题文章
课程预约
  • 姓名:

    性别:

  • 电话:

    E-mail:

  • 计划学习时间: 1-3月 4-6月 下半年 寒暑假 还没有明确计划
  • 英语程度: 初高中 四六级 六级以上
  • 课程内容:
热门中心地址

关于朗阁

宁波朗阁培训中心隶属朗阁教育集团,成立于1999年,是中国最大的雅思、新托福培训基地之一。 [详细]

400-993-7360 24小时免费咨询电话
8:30-20:30 朗阁教师团队在线解答

优秀讲师

  • 宁波朗阁 Lin
  • 宁波朗阁 Ricky
  • 宁波朗阁 Cris
  • 宁波朗阁  Lea
  • 宁波朗阁  Rita
  • 宁波朗阁  Megan
  • 宁波朗阁  Candice
  • 宁波朗阁 Emmy
  • 宁波朗阁  Mily
  • 宁波朗阁  Travis
  • 宁波朗阁 Lin
    宁波朗阁 Lin五星教师擅长:雅思口语写作,托...

    宁波朗阁 Lin
  • 宁波朗阁 Ricky
    Ricky 三星教师擅长:雅思阅读写作,托福基...

    宁波朗阁 Ricky
  • 宁波朗阁 Cris
    宁波朗阁 Cris三星教师擅长:雅思托福听力阅...

    宁波朗阁 Cris
  • 宁波朗阁 Lea
    Lea 三星教师 擅长:雅思口语写作听力...

    宁波朗阁  Lea
  • 宁波朗阁 Rita
    宁波朗阁 Rita四星教师擅长:雅思听力写作,...

    宁波朗阁  Rita
  • 宁波朗阁 Megan
    宁波朗阁 megan三星教师擅长:雅思突破听阅老...

    宁波朗阁  Megan
  • 宁波朗阁 Candice
    Candice 三星教师擅长:雅思阅读写作老师简...

    宁波朗阁  Candice
  • 宁波朗阁 Emmy
    宁波朗阁 Emmy三星教师擅长:雅思听力口语,...

    宁波朗阁 Emmy
  • 宁波朗阁 Mily
    宁波朗阁 Mily四星教师擅长:雅思阅读口语,...

    宁波朗阁  Mily
  • 宁波朗阁 Travis
    宁波朗阁 Travis五星教师擅长:雅思托福阅读...

    宁波朗阁  Travis

扫描二维码
微信有惊喜