雅思阅读:八类常见词汇

发布时间:2015-03-11 16:36:03 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编
雅思阅读:八类常见词汇。雅思阅读其实就对一篇文章的理解,而文章由一个个的段落组成,段落又可以分为句子,而句子最终则可以分解为一个个单词、词汇。
    雅思阅读:八类常见词汇。雅思阅读其实就对一篇文章的理解,而文章由一个个的段落组成,段落又可以分为句子,而句子最终则可以分解为一个个单词、词汇。因此在做阅读时我们也应该将注意力放在一些常见的重要词汇上,这些词汇往往会成为解题的关键。以下就是宁波朗阁小编为大家归纳的八类常见词汇。
雅思阅读:八类常见词汇
 
  1.并列递进:(段落开头出现这些词,可以判断出这一段以及上一段的主要内容)
  not only but also
  further
  then
  next
  subsequent
  firstly……
  an alternative to this notion is …  对……的替换
  2.对比转折
  转折:On the other hand,however, but, nevertheless, nonetheless,
  让步词:(中文是虽然+但是, 英文中只有一个)
  despite, inspite of, although, though, albeit, even if, even though
  by contrast, by comparison
  3.相似不同
  相同: similar, alike, as, resemble, identical
  不同:different, distinguished, unique, distinctive,unlike,
  阻止……的大规模消失=实现多样性:species diversity,linguistic variety, 万花筒:kaleidoscope ,multiplicity 多样性, multifaceted 多面性
  我们要拯救语言,不让其消失。
  we should save the languages.
  we should prevent languages from extinction.
  We should achieve the linguistic diversity.
  段落开头出现下列词汇,表示解决方案:
  Initiative, solution, suggestion=proposal, way=approaches=method, find the access to the answers/solutions,
  4.序列词
  开始:start, begin, initial=initiate=initiation, unfold, commencement, carry out
  暂停:stop, pause, balk at, cease, turn off,
  继续:continue, go on, move on, carry on,  subsequently
  最后:last, finally, end, conclusion, consequently
  5. 强调结构:
  转折为强调
  否定结构:
  not, never, none, seldom (几乎不)
  little, few否定,不
  I have few mistakes in this action, 在这次行动中我机会没有犯错。
  far from
  It is far from perfection. 但这次行动离完美还很远。
  fail to
  given that 考略到
  most of the teammates fail to cooperate合作 with each other. 大多数的队员都没能做到协调一致
  缺乏:
  insufficient, deficiency, shortage, lack = not enough
  所以领导说这可能是因为我们平时缺乏训练。
  And according to the commander, it is resulting from the lack of practice.
  And insufficient amount of practice have devoted to/breed/generated/ this.
  ADD注意力缺乏紊乱症 attention deficit disorder
  6. 因果关系词+ 起作用+ 有联系
  Overdose of salt could breed heart disease.
  Overdose of salt has detrimental impact on the heart functionality.
  Heart disease is related to overdose of salt.
  Vocabulary is critical for reading.
  Vocabulary could 》 reading
  positive  link
  negative link
  原因:好beneficial, 坏detrimental, factor因素, reason, cause, trigger, impetus behind 背后的推动力, incentive诱惑因素
  结果:=灾难:incident, accident, damage, hazard, detrimental, disaster, issue, 自然灾害catastrophe
  导致:lead to, devote to, cause, generate,
  trigger 动词,引发
  breed养大,养育mother-breeding 母乳喂养-breast-feeding 母乳喂养
  Isolation breeds linguistic diversity.
  地理上的间隔导致了语言的多样性
  give rise to 催生, give birth to生出
  由于: because of, as a result of, originate from, spawn from
  起作用,有影响
  be critical for ,be indispensible to…
  have impact/influence on
  beneficial好的 / detrimental坏的
  vital, crucial, essential, elementary, primary,
  7. 比较级,最高级
  表示“比较级”
  你比我高。
  You are taller than me.
  I am shorter than you.
  I am not as tall as you are.
  You are superior over mein height. [A is Superior牛 over B in在 STH方面]
  I am not superior over you in height.
  I am inferior to you in height. [A is inferior弱 to B in STH]
  Now we are under attack and outgunned by the enemies.
  目前我们正在被攻击,并且活力被敌人压制超过。
  A Out-名词 B=vt.表示A在……方面超过B
  You outheight me.
  You outwit me.
  Wit源自于wisdom,wit智慧
  Be superiorover 比……牛
  Be inferior to比……弱
  A have superiority/advantage/edge over B in sth.
  A have inferiority/weakness to B in sth.
  Out-名词 = 比较级
  表示“最”
  Chester is the craziest teacher in GE.
  Chester is a craziest teacher in GE.
  =Chester is one of the craziest teachers in GE.
  =Chester is a very crazy teacher in GE.
  A+最高级=very +adj
  Very=extremely=ultimately=exceptionally=greatly
  Narcissistic自恋的, narcissist自恋的人
  8.  举例子
  for example
  for instance
  事实:时间,地点,人物
  列举:quote, cite, mention, talke about…
  来证明:to illustrate/show/prove/express/demonstrate/showcase
  It is evident that this proposal possess both beneficial and detrimental impacts, while given that the merits way outnumberthe demerits, thus I reckon this is a partly implementable suggestion.
  a comedian= the comedian= comedians 喜剧演员(这种职业的从业人员)
  a policeman=the policeman=policemen
  a cop=the cop=cops 条子
  African Americans
  the black people
  Nigger
  Sinopec 中国石化
  Sino-Japanese
  American-sino
  看完雅思阅读:八类常见词汇,各位考生们再去看之前做的阅读练习是否也会有种豁然开朗的感觉呢,其实阅读中绝大部分都是你熟悉的词汇,而“真相”也往往就隐藏在其中,相信在考生们的坚持下,对于阅读的困惑也一定会柳暗花明的。最后宁波朗阁小编预祝各位烤鸭们能够在考试中取得好成绩,同时也欢迎各位来进行咨询,咨询热线:400-993-7360 /QQ:2643288146。

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