发布时间:2013-09-02 09:20:59 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编


  在IELTS阅读考试中,能否准确找出正确答案很大程度上取决于能否辨认出同义词、近义词、相关词及不同形式的短语。同义词,如kids---children; 词义相近,但并非同义如special off---discount price; 词义相关如 soldier---army。上述三种词汇/短语表达方式中,第一种同义词也相对不难,但第二种与第三种形式则不易辨认,所以要在阅读过程中多加比较练习。如能攻破这一关,则一定能够取得好的考试成绩。



  1. abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。

  2. be absent from…. 缺席,不在

  3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉

  4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态):be absorbed in 全神贯注于…近:be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on

  5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有

  6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解

  7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,

  8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地

  9. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同….不一致

  10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地

  11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据

  12. on one’s own account 1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2)(=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3)(=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.

  13. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去

  14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)

  15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.

  16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.

  17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)

  18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告

  19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.

  20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉

  21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理

  22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

  23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

  24. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

  25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外

  26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循

  27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的

  28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;

  29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地.

  30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.




  剑6,Test4的Q9:Kim Schaefer’s marketing technique may be open to criticism on moral grounds。题目中定位词为moral,在文章中定位,我们会在文章第三段中定位到“Selling pharmaceuticals is a daily exercise in ethical judgment”,而其中ethical即为moral的同义词。

  剑4,Test3的Q9:Any street child can set up their own small business if given enough support.此判断题中定位词实际上是词组“set up their own small business ”,在文章中定位,我们会在文章中“Lessons learned” 的部分中定位到“Being an entrepreneur is not for everyone, not for every street child”。此处,文章中“Being an entrepreneur”即为定位词的同义词组。


  perceive →sense evolve →develop detect →find

  mortal →people unbiased → objective

  limb → arm or leg waste→ unwanted material

  resemble → look like dwelling → domestic building


  剑7,Test1的Q8:However, even before this was understood, the principle had been applied in the design of instruments which calculated the ____ of the seabed。 此题为在原文中选词填空的摘要题,定位词为“calculate”和“seabed”, 在文章中我们会定位到“Before this was discovered, engineers had already built instruments to exploit the principle, for example to measure the depth of the sea under a ship”。此处“measure”即为“calculate”的近义词,而“sea”即为“seabed”的上义词。


  salary → wage statement → comment

  be gained from → derive from policy → initiative

  valuable → important break down → subdivide


  剑6,Test3的Q33:Monkeys were less likely to become diabetic。此题为分类题,定位词为“diabetic”,在文章中定位,我们能定位到句子“…and they have more normal blood glucose levels(pointing to a reduced risk for diabetes, which is marked by usually high blood glucose levels)”。题目中定位词“diabetic”为名词,意为“糖尿病患者”,而文章中的“diabetes”也为名词,但意为“糖尿病”,是“diabetic”的派生词。

  剑4,Test4的Q14:archaeology involves creativity as well as careful investigative work。 此题为是非无判断题,定位词为“creativity”和“investigative”,在文章中我们能定位到“Archaeology is partly the discovery of the treasures of the past,…partly the exercise of the creative imagination…it is investigating the sewers of Roman Britain”。题目中定位词“creativity”为名词,在文章中对应形式“creative”(形容词)为它的派生词,;定位词“investigative”为形容词,在文章中对应形式“investigate”(动词)为它的派生词。


  recover → recovery evolutionary → evolve

  erosion → erode


  Sticking Power中的Q15:What makes sticky insects feet special is the fact that they can also detach themselves easily from a surface。

  此题属于人名理论配对,题目中定位词为 detach。到文章中去定位,我们会定位到“’There are lots of ways to make two surfaces stick together, but there are very few which provide precise and reversible attachment’ says Stas Gorb”,句中attachment实际上为detach的反义词attach的名词形式,而reversible表示可逆的,因此reversible attachment即为detach的反义词(组)的否定形式。


  在IELTS测试中所有问题的答案只能是一个,除非另有说明。即使在多重选择题中,有不止一个符合答案,也只能选择一个最为合适的作为答案。IELTS测试的所有答案务必要填在所给的"answer sheet"纸上。否则,即使您完成了全部问题,也是没有任何分数,



  问句主语中的名词 → 谓语动词(行为动词) → 宾语部分的名词



  1 先在文中找到问句中的关键词及短语的相应位置。

  2 仔细读这些关键词语所在的句子,很多情况下即可找到答案。

  3 如果根据关键词语所在的句子无法确定答案,可再读上一个句及随后一句就基本上能找出其答案。



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