寻找雅思阅读信号词轻松答题

发布时间:2013-08-30 17:25:45 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编
  雅思阅读中,把握出题思路,熟悉阅读题型,掌握做题技巧就成为最为关键的制胜法宝。本文,宁波朗阁为大家整理了雅思阅读中的信号词的寻...

  雅思阅读中,把握出题思路,熟悉阅读题型,掌握做题技巧就成为最为关键的制胜法宝。本文,宁波朗阁为大家整理了雅思阅读中的信号词的寻找方法,大家可以学习下!

  看到信号这个词,大家都会想到信号灯,过马路的红绿灯,铁路上的信号灯。雅思阅读中也有信号词?

  那么烤鸭应该怎么样找到雅思阅读中的信号词呢?

  A、表示相似关系

  例词:like, as, likewise, similar to, in the same way

  例句:Like other ways of generating electricity, wind power does not leave the environment entirely unharmed.

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  B、表示时间先后关系

  例词:now, later, before, after, since, when, first, second, next, at last, eventually, finally

  例句:As the volunteers began to fall asleep, the electrodes detected the slow rolling eye movements which could be seen easily through their eyelids. Soon after, the volunteers fell deeper into sleep and their eyes became still.

  C、表示顺承和递进关系

  例词:also, apart from, besides, moreover, furthermore

  例句:The Victorian style of heavily ornamented interiors prevailed in middle-class homes in England and the United States during the latter half of the 19th century. Moreover, in both countries, techniques of mass production promoted the use of reproductions in many different styles.

  D、表示对比与转折关系

  例词:but, however, though, although, yet, nevertheless, on the other hand

  例句:Education is the passport to modern life, and a pre-condition of national prosperity. But more than a quarter of the world‘s adults cannot read or write, and more than 100 million young children are deprived of even a primary school education.

  E、表示排列次序

  例词:another, the second…even more…the most… the best… the least…

  例句:This situation is compounded by yet another factor.

  F、表示因果关系

  例词:as, because, for, since, owing to, thanks to, which in turn, lead to, as a result, result in, consequently, therefore, thus, hence

  G、表示举例或说明关系

  例词:that is to say, in other words, i. E. Such as, for example, for instance

  例句:More recent developments such as those seen on California wind farms have dramatically changed the economic picture for wind energy.

  上述就是关于雅思阅读中信号词的全部内容了,是不是觉得这些词在平时练习的时候经常看到呢?所以提醒大家,练习不仅是做,更重要的是多去思考,多去总结,这样才能真正的提高!

  雅思阅读中,细节是做题的关键,通常是考点“潜伏”的地方。那么是不是就没有迹象可寻了呢?当然不是,阅读任何的一篇雅思文章,其实就像是在开启一个宝藏,总是会有“机关重重”,陷阱不断,但是题目中总会暗含着一个藏宝图,有许多的“玄机”,待你一一开启考点的宝藏。

  我们这里所说的“玄机”,就是无所不在的信号词!

  雅思阅读与考点相关的信号词根据其表达的逻辑关系可以分为八大类,分别为表顺接和递进、表对比和转折、表相似、表排列次序、表强调作用、表最高级、比较级、表因果关系、表举例子和说明。信号词的确定是雅思阅读技巧之一,所以下面我们将一起学习雅思阅读技巧之如何发现信号词。

  一、因果关系

  例词:as, because, since, lead to, as a result, result in, consequently, therefore, thus, the cause of

  考点:Until recently, not much was known about the topic, and little help was available to teachers to deal with bullying. Perhaps as a consequence, schools would often deny the problem.(C6-P94-Q33)

  解题:题目问的是学校否认问题反应了什么,就是这个现象的根本原因。因此原文中consequence就给解题提供了信息,根据consequence之前的一句话就可以将答案找到。

  二、举例子和说明

  例词:for example, for instance, that is to say, such as, including, i.e.

  考点:Other substances were then introduced: including fillers, such as woodflour, asbestos or cotton... (C5-P39-Q5 流程图)

  信号词就好比是高速公路上的标识牌,见到了它们,你就知道目的地距离自己的位置还有多远的距离,需要直走,还是拐弯。从而采取精读或是跳读扫读等不一样的方法和阅题技巧。下面我们就分析一下雅思阅读中信号词对考点指示的微妙作用。

  在介绍信号词之前,我们先对它们进行一下分类,信号词能分为几类呢?把剑桥3-7阅读出现的与考点相关的信号词分为两大类:一个是传统的信号词;另一个就是非传统的信号词。为什么要这样分呢?传统的信号词有是我们平时在学校课堂上、写作课上,老师都强调的几大类,表顺接和递进,表对比和转折,表相似,表时间先后关系,表排列次序,表因果关系,表举例和说明关系。而非传统的信号词则是我们在平时阅读中常常忽视的细节,但是根据剑桥的出题思路和模式,我发现还有一类的信号词是常常和考点有密切的联系。


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