雅思写作不良习惯有哪些?

发布时间:2014-11-11 12:46:14 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编
朗阁海外考试研究中心的专家为各位考生整理了雅思写作不良习惯有哪些的相关信息,供考生们参考使用,希望能对考生们的雅思写作考试能有所帮助!
朗阁海外考试研究中心
  雅思写作考试很多考生们会觉得自己的写作水平还不错,但是每次都得不到高分,这是什么原因所造成的呢,其实往往这种情况是因为考生们在雅思写作考试中有着不良的习惯所造成的,往往是这些坏习惯拉低了你的雅思写作成绩,那么雅思写作不良习惯有哪些呢,今天宁波朗阁海外考试研究中心的专家就给考生们来解答一下,希望对考生们的雅思写作考试有所帮助!
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相关推荐:雅思小作文书信该怎么写?
  1. 一般现在时的第三人称单数不加“s”
  我们先来看一个考生写的一篇大作文引言段:
  In modern society the competition exist everywhere, such as in doing business, in looking for job and in working in office. Therefore it affect our life and thought at different level and also children’s education. Parents hope their children will live in better status in their future. So they want to train their children suitable for the modern society. I agree to encourage children to do more competitive sport.
  可能大家会觉得这个开头写得不怎么好,我们暂且不管其他的语法词汇问题,在这个段落中,划线的2处第三人称单数作者都没有写正确。其实这个是一个很小的失误,也是每个考雅思的同学都知道的语法点,但是就是由于平时写作很随意,不注意细节,因此导致一遇到“三单”的情况就不知道主动去加个“s”或者“es”。
  2. 可数名词不加定冠词或单复数不分
  根据英语的语法,大部分名词为可数名词,而在句子中若要使用这些可数名词的话,一般需要注意其单复数的变化,或者在前面加上恰当的冠词,下面我们来看一个段落:
  How to educate children is difficult and complicated question to answer. There are a lot of theories we can find. But every parent has his own and different solution. There is not standard result. Some of parents may say that children should be educated earlier. However others do not agree. Earlier controlling young children’s behavior will stifle their intelligence. I think we should properly guide your children to our social standard.
  上述段落中划线的2个名词均为可数名词,根据文中所要表达的含义,应该在各自的前面增加冠词“a”。
  Time is justice for human. Everybody enjoys the same time, twenty four hours per day. Therefore managing time on career and family is skillful. It resembles balance which holds career and family at its two sides. Problem will happen if imbalance occurs. If more time is spent on career, it will result in less time on family. it means that people has less time to stay with family, less time to take care of children and partner. He will maybe lose their love and happiness. The marriage will be probably broken. Oppositely, position will be not promoted easily.
  在上面的段落中,划线的2个名词,“balance”前面应该加“a”; 而“problem”应该为复数形式。其实平时我们在写作的时候,在写完一个可数名词时,我们要刻意留意下其在句中的意思,比如是特指,还是泛指,是一般还是个别,然后使用合适的冠词或数来写。
  3. 乱用连接词
  议论文中的连接词对于句子与句子,段落和段落间逻辑关系的表达是起到至关重要的作用的。而这恰恰又是雅思写作评分标准中的一个重要组成环节,但遗憾的是,很多考生平时在写句子的时候非常不注意连接词的使用;或者是知道应该多用连接词,但是就是不知道怎么用才好,所以就经常乱用:
  With the recent ten years global economy growing rapidly, more and more people become rich and have time to go out for travel, abroad or domestically. Meanwhile it is also causing some troubles and problems meanwhilethough it brings contribution to GDP partially. Because I read an article about the number of international travel which is going down. I think that it is a good news.
  上面的段落中其实第一处的“meanwhile”使用并没有太大问题,问题出在紧接着的第二个“meanwhile”上,作者想当然的将其作为“and”的功能使用了,而且在它后面他又加了一个连接词“though”,这样一来整个意思就完全错误了。尽管句子中还有其他一些小问题,但是就这2个连词的使用上,若作者再仔细考虑下所要表达的意思,就不会犯这样的低级错误了。正确的写法应该为:“Meanwhile, it has also caused some troubles and problems though it may contribute to a country’s GDP to some degree.”在选择和使用连词时,我们要遵循的原则首先是句子的中文意思,根据相邻两个句子的意思才能准确做出选择;其次是灵活原则,同一个意思的连接词有很多,而且有些词后面接的是句子,而有些词接的是词组,如果需要连续使用同一个意思,那么就要换不同的连词;最后我们还要注意在使用连词时尽量保证一个段落中不要有同样的一个连词重复使用,这样可以增加词汇表达的多样性。接下来我们再来看一个段落:
  First reason is that more and more people move into cities. It causes no much space in the cities to do physical exercise. Secondary, the usage of computer and internet causes people to stay home and not willing to go out.Furthermore, due to working pressure, people, especially white collars, do not have vigour to do physical exercise. In addition, the tertiary industry is developing and more and more people work in office, not at workshop. It causes them less labour work
  其实总体来说这个段落的“列举”连词使用还是相当到位的,我们暂且先不管语言的使用的准确性,就划线的2个句子来说,它们和之前的句子都是“因果”的关系。所以我们最好能够使用诸如“therefore”或者“hence”等表示结果的连词来连接前后的句子。
  4. 主动被动关系混乱
  我们都知道英语的实义动词分为及物和不及物动词2大类,而及物动词可以有主动和被动2种语态。在议论文中,主动态和被动态的使用并无侧重或先后,主要还是看句子想要表达的意思和主语的选择,下面我们先来看一个例子:
  My view is that after more and more people moved into cities, a lot of buildings set up and occupied green areas. It has caused the space for physical exercise to become smaller and smaller. For example, the population of Shanghai was 13 millions ten years ago, but now it is more than 20 millions. Skyscrapers build almost everywhere, which has resulted in parks smaller and numbers declined.
  这个段落中其他的语法错误暂时先不说,我们来看一下划线的2处用法。按照作者的意图,第一句话的含义应该是说“人们造了很多建筑从而占据了绿地”这个意思,而他所选择的句子主语是“建筑”。因此后面的动词就只能使用被动语态来表达,并且时态建议使用现在完成时。所以第一处应该改为“…buildings have been set up…”;而第二处地方作者犯了同样的错误,由于“摩天大楼”自己不会“建造”,必须是靠人来完成,所以此处也应该使用被动语态而非主动态表达:“Skyscrapers are being built…or Skyscrapers can be seen…”。归根结底,我们在写一个句子时,要特别注意对句子主语的选择,合理的主语安排对于一个好的句子来说是非常重要的,同时也决定了这个句子的语态。一般来说,笔者建议考生将重要的意思放在主语位置上,而不要将其放在状语或者从句中。
Firstly, people can educate the benefits of physical exercise. It can increase physical and mental health and decrease the rate of “modern diseases”. For example, we could find more and more people to walk for physical exercise at residential district in the evening due to recent health education. Secondly, policies need to make to ask public schools to open their sports ground to public at weekend.
  这个段落中我们同样看到了2处语态使用的错误,其实倘若作者重新安排下句子的主语的话,就可以避免此类错误的产生,比如第2处我们完全可以用“政府”作为句子的主语:“Our government should make policies…”这样就能很好地解决这个问题;另外,第一处的错误我们也同样可以将原来的主语“we”变成“mass media”等即可。
  5. 一个简单句出现2个以上动词
  根据英语语法,一个简单句中有且只能有一个主要动词,若必须写2个以上动词的时候,我们必须借助分词或者从句等语法来表达。而在现实的写作中,不少英语语法不是很好的学生始终无法根治这个顽疾,它也是所有议论文错误中出现频率最高,而且最难改正的一个一种习惯,因为要克服它必须还要运用其他英语中的语法知识来解决这个问题。
  Firstly, as more and more visitors crowded into scenic sports, such as beach, lakes, it has caused severe pollution. Especially when the tourists were not educated well, throw rubbish everywhere thought the cleaners at tourist attraction would collect them. For example, just last public holiday during national day, it was reported that the weight of rubbish collect reached thousands of tons at beach in SanYa after holiday.
  其实我们看到这个学生的语法能力不算很弱,他在论述时使用了不同类型的复杂句,如条件状语从句和主语从句,但是可惜的是划线2处他没有很好处理动词的数量,并且由于主语成分的缺失,导致第一个地方的主句没有了主语,而却出现了2个时态不一样的动词。究其原因,作者可能对于复杂句的写作缺乏足够的训练,导致自信心不足。他想表达的意思是“特别当游客自身没有接受过良好的教育,导致他们会乱扔垃圾,并且觉得景点的清洁工会清理这些他们扔掉的垃圾”。如果用状语从句来写的话,主从句的主语应该都是“游客”,而“扔垃圾”和“认为”2个动作,只要用一个并列的连词连接,就可以成为一个并列句,这样的话,就不用担心出现2个动词的情况了:“Especially when the tourists are not educated well, they may throw rubbish everywhere and think…”通过这个分解,其实我们也能发现一种非常有效的解决方法,即将原来的句子变成并列句或者增加一个从句。
  Even if the expanded number of tourists could bring about some problems, we still wantsee the positive factors of traveling industry if good management is organized. It might add to local economy. It is the reason that why a lot of governments are eager to develop traveling industry. Furthermore, tourism might also make better culture communication, improve local employment.
  在第2个段落中我们发现了相似的错误,我们仍旧可以采用并列句的方式来处理第2处错误,但是针对第一处错误,我们就要用别的方法来解决了。“want see”其实当中少了个“to”,或者我们可以将“want”去掉,语法上也可以保证正确。所以,在平时训练中,对于作文中的每个句子,我们最好能够养成检查动词数量的好习惯,每当一个简单句出现2个以上动词时,我们就要使用并列句,主从复合句,删除多余动词,分词等语法知识进行修改,这样我们同时又学习和巩固了英语语法。

 


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