雅思写作中心句的构建

发布时间:2013-12-13 16:04:45 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编
很多考生在雅思写作中没有清晰的思路,一篇作文看下来找不到中心句。今天,宁波雅思培训小编姐大家讲解一下写作中心句的构建。  ...

        很多考生在雅思写作中没有清晰的思路,一篇作文看下来找不到中心句。今天,宁波雅思培训小编姐大家讲解一下写作中心句的构建。

  ? Internet:

  ? Advertisement?

  ? Private income-tax?

  . “找一个传统建筑典型?”è Chinese,Russiaè the Forbidden city, the Kremlin;

  . “找一个伟人但不一定不富裕” è Martin Luther King, Mother Teresa脑海中浮现:具体事物与之联系 “KFC hamburgers” è tasty chickenègo to try oneè attractive, sale-profits, providing information è economic benefits, informative, artistic creation,

  In what aspect/principal/angle, what kind of effect does the subject exert on the specific object?

\

  主语(施动者)给宾语(受动者)在哪个角度产生什么效果?

  ? Individualè sex, age, poor/rich, minority/people, smart/slow,

  ? Suggest= advise, propose, recommend, advocate;

  Be encourage. Promoted(发扬)

  ? Discourage

  ? Support, agree,

  ? Prefer=choose, would like, favor

  ? Abandon, discard, be restricted, supervised,

  ? I support AAA .

  ? AAA should be supported.

  ? It is supported for sb. to do …….

  ? Doing AAA should be supported/discouraged? + produces/offers/brings/creates

  ? / involves/incurs/posesThe roads are so often jammed with cars that ambulances and fire engines find it difficult to fulfill their duties. (提示:Cars should be done away with because……

  Cars often produce air pollution and fill the cities with unbearable noise.

  Cars are the cause of traffic accidents. All over the world thousands upon thousands of people are killed or injured every year.

  Counter-arguments Against

  Possessing a car gives one a much greater degree of mobility, enabling him to move around freely.

  The owner of a car is not forced to rely on public transport and is, therefore, not compelled to work locally.

  Buses are often crowded and slow, especially during rush-hour. If there are more cars, people can get around more easily.

  With the popularization of cars, the suburbs will become more developed, and the downtown area will be less crowded.

 

思维公式:目标对象 Sè被作用对象 Oè产生的效果

  带有褒义的动词组合有:

  l produces/offers/brings/creates+ 优点

  l involves/incurs/poses+ 坏处

  ①. Arts illustrate a country’s civilization.

  ②. Government money inevitably produces mediocre or even hockey art.

  思路二:O=生物,尤其是人类;O= 个体(individual),公民(citizens),公众(public),居民(local residence/dwellers),消费者(consumers)

  基本句型二: S+V+O (或者被动 O+ be+ V-ed+ S)

  (1) S正面作用于/或负面作用于个人,主要体现在特殊动词上

  S+V.+sb. 或者 sb+V.+S 或者被动 S+be+ V-ed+sb.

  ⑤. Artistic interests are just shared by a small proportion of people.

  ⑦. Subsidies for musicians, artists, actors and drama companies will shift their focus on creating arts to pleasing that provides such subsidies.

  范例:

  ①. Advertisements should be discouraged because too much commercials pose the threat/risks of over-consumption on consumers.

  重点词汇补充:形容“正确和错误,优点和缺点'的词群

  POSITIVE:

  Beneficial advantageous favorable rewarding appropriate desirable wise logical practical rational sound justifiable

  NEGATIVE:

  damaging= destructive detrimental harmful malignant evil ferocious

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