几个雅思高分作文开头模版分析

发布时间:2013-09-24 11:57:56 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编
  对于雅思写作首先当然我们必须把它认真仔细得阅读2-3遍,然后在心里默默地翻译给自己听。在充分理解了题目以及写作指令后,接着就要进...

  对于雅思写作首先当然我们必须把它认真仔细得阅读2-3遍,然后在心里默默地翻译给自己听。在充分理解了题目以及写作指令后,接着就要进行立场的选择,这里我要特别强调的是审题结束后马上就给出一个明确的立场是很必要的,它也在很大程度上决定了引言段一上来的几个句子的意思选择。我们在引言段最初的1到3个句子里是对考题的背景导入,要做好这一步,我们还是得从2个简单句说起,即主谓宾和主系表。所有接下来的句子,不论长短,都是从这2种简单句发展出来的。

  在雅思写作考试部分里,往往我们可以采纳“老三段”式的写法,以不变应万变,不论是线图,柱图,表格,饼图,亦或是流程图,我们都可以采用此种方式完成第一部分的作文。那么老三段式的经典写法中,强调着第一段“开门见山”介绍出本文讨论内容,即改写题目。将必要内容进行改写,这样可以获得高分效应。第二段“丰实的内容”尽量多地将图表中的信息表达明确,不时的需要我们之前总结的常用表达。第三段也就是文章的最后一段,对全文进行一个总结概括即可。

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  五分表达:

  The chart depicts (that)…该图呈现出…

  The chart shows (that)…

  The figures/statistics show (that)…

  The diagram reveals …

  The chart illustrates (that)…

  六分表达:

  The graph provides some interesting data regarding…该图为我们提供了有关…有趣数据。

  The graph describes the trend of …这个图描述了…的趋势

  As is shown/demonstrated/exhibited in the chart/diagram/chart/table…如图所示…

  According to the chart …根据这些表格…

  As is shown in the table…如图所示…

  This table shows the changing proportion of A and B from … to …该表格描述了…年到…年之间A与B的比例关系。

  This graph,presented in the chart,shows the general trend in…该图呈现了…总的趋势。

  As can be seen from the graph, the two graphs show the flutuation of…如图所示,两条曲线描述了…的波动情况。

  高分表达:

  From the table/chart/diagram/figure,we can see clearly that…从图表中我们可以很清楚的看到…

  The chart shows the changes in the number of …over the period from…to…该表格描述了在…年到…年之间…数量的变化。

  对于雅思高分写作如何开头才能在一开始就拢获雅思考官的放心呢?下面,宁波朗阁小编整理了雅思高分写作中比较有特色的几种开头方式,同学们可以借鉴这些雅思高分写作的思路。

  要素一:现象句

  雅思写作考题中会出现一个社会现象,考生的任务就是在自己文章的第一句话将之改写,重述这个社会现象。

  E.g.1

  Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish.Why do you think this is happening? What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?

  It is true that in almost every country today each household and family produces a large amount of waste every week.

  套句+同义词替换:more and more= a large amount of

  E.g.2

  Some people believe that children should

  be allowed to stay at home and play until they are six or seven years old.Others believe that it is important for young children to go to school as soon as possible.

  What do you think are the advantages of attending school from a young age?

  In many places today, children start primary school at around the age of six or seven.

  主被动之间的转换:should be allowed to stay at home = start their primary school

  同义词的替换:until they are six or seven years old = at the age of six or seven

  E.g.3

  In some countries young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies.Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people to do this.

  It is quite common these days for young people in many countries to have a break from studying after graduating from high school.

  主被动之间的转换,以及同义替换:finish high school = graduate from high school

  所以,从上文中可以看出,一般来说,现象句会在最开始加上一个套句,并且加上地点和时间。

  举个例子来讲:

  Shoppinghas become a favorite pastime for some young people. Do we need to encourageyoung people to do something more useful in their free time? What is youropinion?

  这个题目的核心词汇当然就是“shopping”这一词了,若采用主系表原创背景导入句的话,一般我们是以这个词作为句子的主语,但是如果我们再思考一下,其实“pastime”或者是它的近义词也是可以作为句子的主语的。两者的区别在于直接用“shopping”作主语写出来的句子就直接和题目产生了关系,马上就充分引入了背景;而使用“pastime”或者是近义的名词作为主语的话可能我们还需要再写1到2个句子才能将题目涉及的背景充分导入到引言段中。但是这2种构思其实都还是非常不错的。我们不妨再来通过另外一个题目加深对刚才这种主语选择的理解:

  People arenow able to perform everyday tasks such as shopping, banking, businesstransactions without meeting others face-to-face. What are the effects on bothindividuals and the society as a whole?

  这个考题的核心词汇就不如之前那个题目那么容易找到了,我们需要具备一定的概括能力才能使用诸如“modern lifestyle”或者“e-commerce”之类的词来作为第一句话的主语。同时,在题目中它涉及的几个例子,像在线银行交易,网购等其实也可以作为主语,2类主语选择的区别我想大家应该可以通过前面一个例子的分解明白了吧?

  雅思大作文开头段经典套句:

  1.It is true that......是真实的

  2.I tend to agree that… 我同意…

  3.It is quite common… …是常见的

  4.There is no doubt that… …是毫无疑问的

  5.There is no denying that… …是毫无疑问的

  6.It is undeniable that… …是毫无疑问的

  地点:in many places; in many countries; in many big cities; almost every country/ city/ place

  时间:in recent decades/ years; today; these days; recently; nowadays

  要素二:点到问题

  雅思大作文考题分成两种:report & argumentative。

  对于report(题目一般会涉及到why do you think it is important to…; how do you think people can tackle this problem.)

  E.g.4

  In many countries schools have severe problems with student behavior.

  What do you think are the cause of this?

  What solutions can you suggest?

  Poor student behavior seems to be increasingly widespread problem and I think that modern lifestyles are probably responsible for this.

  点到了causes--直接把原因泛泛的带领出来,全文的第二段再开始慢慢细致的描述。

  E.g.5

  Happiness is considered to be very important in life.

  Why is it difficult to define?

  What factors are important in achieving happiness?

  Happiness is very difficult to define, because it means so many different things to different people.While some people link happiness to wealth and material success, others think it lies in emotions and loving personal relationships.Yet others think that spiritual paths, rather than either the material world or relationships with people, are the only way to true happiness.

  点到了why difficult--通过引用两组不同人的观点,把造成这个现象的原因大致导出,与上一个例子有异曲同工之妙。


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