雅思图表作文开头的写作方法

发布时间:2013-09-18 11:48:50 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编
  缺乏适合图表的书面连接手段。在短暂的时间内,内容到位已经不容易,词句变化更加困难,此时考生就更无暇关注细节的连词。但一篇完整的...

  缺乏适合图表的书面连接手段。在短暂的时间内,内容到位已经不容易,词句变化更加困难,此时考生就更无暇关注细节的连词。但一篇完整的文章怎么可以忽略了引导考官思路的“指路明灯”?

  例题: The table below show social and economic indicators of four countries in 1994, according to United Nations statistics.
  Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
  根据这一结构,开头段可以写的内容为“这个图表为我们描述了1999年内在四个地区在四个经济和社会指标方面的信息”。
\
  所以我们先确定固定内容的写法:
  “这个图表”:图表类作文中涉及到的无非线line柱bar饼pie表table四类结合chart,illustration,diagram,graph和table这几个常用的“图表”单词,再加上together with,combined with,as well as等固定表达,开头段的这一个部分完全可以确定下来了;
  “描述了”: show,describe,offer an overview,present,compare等,可以用来表达这一概念的动词可谓应有尽有;
  “信息”:从宽泛的information,data,figures到具体的percentage,distribution,proportion,考生只需要根据题目的具体要求选择合适的单词即可。
  其次我们根据题目的要求可以改写的部分为:
  “时间”:单个时间点,多个时间点和时间段都有多种的表达方式,考生只需在考前做好总结的工作即可。
  “描述对象”:这往往是改写的难点,可以通过同义词和语法关系的替换来实现。例如social and economic indicators可以替换为indicators in both social and economic fields/ economic and social conditions in different aspects等。
  因此,综合以上的信息,一个简单的开头段就完成了:The given table provides an overview of social and economic conditions from different aspects in four countries in the year 1994.
  小作文开头段常见词
  在评分时,考官最不想看到的是怎样的开头段?
  一是对题目的誊抄,会让考官对考生有懒惰、灵活度差的印象;
  二是对题目过度夸张的改写,为了寻求变化,而造成语序的“混搭”也是不可取的。
  其实,开头段考生在题目改写的过程中,不需追求翻天覆地的改变,毕竟这并不是考官考察的关键,所以只需掌握常见的同义表达便可轻松拿下。例如各种图形的名称就是其中一个必须要素。
  线图/曲线图
  line graph
  柱图/条形图
  bar chart
  饼状图
  pie chart
  表格题
  table
  图画题(流程、地图题)
  diagram

  雅思小作文的开头段写作应尽量做到快且高质量,所以最实际的方法是准备一些图表作文的开头句式,以节省时间。不用担心考官怪你“抄袭”,对于刻板的小作文,这些句型正中考官下怀。相反地,花时间创作的开头并不一定能取悦考官。

  小作文开头段常见句型:

  The chart provides some data regarding the changes of ….form 1991 to 2001.

  该图提供了从2001年到2004年有关。。。变化的相关数据。

  The graph depicts the proportion of…in different nations between 2001 and 2008.

 

  万能雅思作文(1)图表作文

  开头

  This graph/pie chart/table/bar chart reflects the (rate/percentage/proportion/number ...) of (对象) in(place/country)from ...to...

  According to the figure , it is not surpring findings that there was/were 总体趋势的描述(the overall trend tended to indicate.../the general trend is.../其他)

  结尾

  In conclude , the overall trend tended to illustrate ......during this **-year period

  线状图的描述

  1.先(上升/下降)后(下降/上升),之后便平稳

  According to the data , the years from ...to...saw/winess a rise/climb/drop in the number/rate/percentage/proportion of 对象 from数据to数据,which was followed by a rapid decrease/reduce/increase over the ** years.

  The number/rate...droped/went up again from...in ** year to...in ** year and then went up/clined gradually until ** year ,when there was a leveling off/leveling out at 数据 for 一段时间。

  2.对峰值和低谷的描述

  Also it can be noticed that in ** year ,the number/percentage ... reached the buttom . However/on the contrary,**year saw the peak during this period.

  ......时间点 ,when the number/percentage reached(amounted to)to a peak of... / a high point at ...

  ......时间点,when the number/percentage bottomed out (at...)

  3.趋势相同描述

  The proportion/number of 对象 in the xx and xx are similar and follow the same trend.In ** the figures were xx% and xx% respectively,rising to xx% and xx% respectively in **,after dipping to xx% and xx% respectively in **.(总体的趋势介绍)Thereafter,分开介绍即可

  4.对未来的表述以及转换词

  ...is projected to......        as to

  ...is expected to......         as for

  ...is forcasted to ......  ...is estimated to...

 

show

demonstrate/ reveal/ illustrate/ display/ compare/ indicate/ depict

changes

variation

number

figure/ amount/ data/ statistic

percentage

proportion/ rate/ share

kind

type/ category

country

nation

continent

area/ region

men

males

women

females

university

college

family

household

UK

Britain

and

as well as

about

regarding/ concerning

from…to

between…and…

during

over

different

various/ several/ diverse

per year

annual

spending

expense/ expenditure

worldwide

around the world/ across the globe

 

 


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