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2013年雅思考试阅读模拟试题和答案(二)

发布时间:2013-09-09 17:07:39 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编
  在雅思阅读考试中,同义近义转换,可能是词与词之间、短语和短语之间,也可能是句子与句子之间的。想要能更好地熟悉和把握这些词汇,重...

 

  在雅思阅读考试中,同义近义转换,可能是词与词之间、短语和短语之间,也可能是句子与句子之间的。想要能更好地熟悉和把握这些词汇,重在日常积累。新东方在线网络课堂雅思老师建议大家在做完练习之后,把文中特别是真题中的文章和题目中出现的同义近义转化进行对比分析,整理成文以便复习,一词多义也是同样的道理。长此以往,一定会对题目中的考点词相当熟悉和敏感,快速把题目信息和文章内容对应起来。

  当然也有很多同学发现,在雅思阅读考试中很难找到答案的出处。这一直以来是中国学生的一大问题;还有部分同学发现,在找到答案出处后很难准确的判断出答案,尤其是在True/False/Not Given题目中。除了词汇的问题外,这往往与考生对于判断词的选择有很大关系。

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  下面,朗阁小编为大家收集整理了2013年雅思考试阅读模拟试题和答案(二),大家可以参考下:

  1. A European spacecraft took off today to spearhead the search for another "Earth" among the stars.

  2. The Corot space telescope blasted off aboard a Russian Soyuz rocket from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan shortly after 2.20pm.

  3. Corot, short for convection rotation and planetary transits, is the first instrument capable of finding small rocky planets beyond the solar system. Any such planet situated in the right orbit stands a good chance of having liquid water on its surface, and quite possibly life, although a leading scientist involved in the project said it was unlikely to find "any little green men".

  4. Developed by the French space agency, CNES, and partnered by the European Space Agency (ESA), Austria, Belgium, Germany, Brazil and Spain, Corot will monitor around 120,000 stars with its 27cm telescope from a polar orbit 514 miles above the Earth. Over two and a half years, it will focus on five to six different areas of the sky, measuring the brightness of about 10,000 stars every 512 seconds.

  5. "At the present moment we are hoping to find out more about the nature of planets around stars which are potential habitats. We are looking at habitable planets, not inhabited planets. We are not going to find any little green men," Professor Ian Roxburgh, an ESA scientist who has been involved with Corot since its inception, told the BBC Radio 4 Today programme.

  6. Prof Roxburgh said it was hoped Corot would find "rocky planets that could develop an atmosphere and, if they are the right distance from their parent star, they could have water".

  7. To search for planets, the telescope will look for the dimming of starlight caused when an object passes in front of a star, known as a "transit". Although it will take more sophisticated space telescopes planned in the next 10 years to confirm the presence of an Earth-like planet with oxygen and liquid water, Corot will let scientists know where to point their lenses.

  8. Measurements of minute changes in brightness will enable scientists to detect giant Jupiter-like gas planets as well as small rocky ones. It is the rocky planets - that could be no bigger than about twice the size of the Earth - which will cause the most excitement. Scientists expect to find between 10 and 40 of these smaller planets.

  9. Corot will also probe into stellar interiors by studying the acoustic waves that ripple across the surface of stars, a technique called "asteroseismology".

  10. The nature of the ripples allows astronomers to calculate a star’s precise mass, age and chemical composition.

  11. "A planet passing in front of a star can be detected by the fall in light from that star. Small oscillations of the star also produce changes in the light emitted, which reveal what the star is made of and how they are structured internally. This data will provide a major boost to our understanding of how stars form and evolve," Prof Roxburgh said.

  12. Since the discovery in 1995 of the first "exoplanet" - a planet orbiting a star other than the Sun - more than 200 others have been found by ground-based observatories.

  13. Until now the usual method of finding exoplanets has been to detect the "wobble" their gravity imparts on parent stars. But only giant gaseous planets bigger than Jupiter can be found this way, and they are unlikely to harbour life.

  14. In the 2010s, ESA plans to launch Darwin, a fleet of four or five interlinked space telescopes that will not only spot small rocky planets, but analyse their atmospheres for signs of biological activity.

  15. At around the same time, the US space agency, Nasa, will launch Terrestrial Planet Finder, another space telescope designed to locate Earth-like planets.

  (615 words)

  Choose the appropriate letter from A-D for question 1.

  1. Corot is an instrument which

  (A) can help to search for certain planets

  (B) is used to find planets in the orbit

  (C) can locate planets with human beings

  (D) can spot any planets with water.

  Do the following statements agree with the information given in the reading passage? For questions 2-5 write

  TRUE if the statement agrees with the information

  FALSE if the statement contraicts the information

  NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this in the passage

  2. Scientists are trying to find out about the planets that can be inhabited.

  3. BBC Radio 4 recently focuses on the broadcasting of Corot.

  4. Passing objects might cause a fall in light.

  5. Corot can tell whether there is another Earth-like planet.

  Based on your reading of the passage, complete the sentences below with words taken from the passage. Use NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

  With measurements, scientists will be able to search for some gaseous and rocky planets. They will be extremely excited if they can discover some small 6. __________, the expected number of which could be up to 7. __________ .

  Corot will enable scientists to study the 8. __________ of stars. In this way, a star’s mass, age and chemical composition can be calculated.

  According to Prof Roxburgh, changes in light can be caused by passing planets or star 9. __________. The related statistics can gain us a better 10. __________ of the star formation and evolvement.

  Observatories have found many exoplanets, which are 11. __________ other stars than the Sun. The common way used in finding exoplanets can only detect huge gas planets, which do not 12. ___________ .

  With the launching of Darwin, astronomers will be able to analyse whether those rocky planets have 13. __________ for life.

  Answer keys:

  1. 答案:A (第3段第1句:Corot, short for convection rotation and planetary transits, is the first instrument capable of finding small rocky planets beyond the solar system. A项中的certain planets指small rocky planets beyond the solar system.)

  2. 答案:TRUE (第5段第1、2句: At the present moment we are hoping to find out more about the nature of planets around stars which are potential habitats. We are looking at habitable planets, not inhabited planets. 问题中的“that can be inhabited”意思就是inhabitable.)

  3. 答案:NOT GIVEN (文中没有提及该信息。)

  4. 答案:TRUE (第7段第1句:To search for planets, the telescope will look for the dimming of starlight caused when an object passes in front of a star, known as a "transit".)

  5. 答案:FASLE (第7段第2、3句:Although it will take more sophisticated space telescopes planned in the next 10 years to confirm the presence of an Earth-like planet with oxygen and liquid water, Corot will let scientists know where to point their lenses. )

  6. 答案:rocky planets (第8段第2句:It is the rocky planets - that could be no bigger than about twice the size of the Earth - which will cause the most excitement.)

  7. 答案:40 (第8段第3句:Scientists expect to find between 10 and 40 of these smaller planets.问题中短语“up to”的意思是“达到,高达”,所以应该选择最高的数字40。)

  8. 答案:interiors (第9段第1句: Corot will also probe into stellar interiors by studying the acoustic waves that ripple across the surface of stars, a technique called "asteroseismology". 单词"probe”的词义是“探查,探索”。)

  9. 答案:oscillations (第11段第2句:Small oscillations of the star also produce changes in the light emitted, which reveal what the star is made of and how they are structured internally.)

  10. 答案:understanding (第11段第3句:This data will provide a major boost to our understanding of how stars form and evolve.)

  11. 答案:orbiting (第12段第1句:Since the discovery in 1995 of the first "exoplanet" - a planet orbiting a star other than the Sun - more than 200 others have been found by ground-based observatories.)

  12. 答案:harbour life (第13段:Until now the usual method of finding exoplanets has been to detect the "wobble" their gravity imparts on parent stars. But only giant gaseous planets bigger than Jupiter can be found this way, and they are unlikely to harbour life.)

  13. 答案:atmospheres (第14段:In the 2010s, ESA plans to launch Darwin, a fleet of four or five interlinked space telescopes that will not only spot small rocky planets, but analyse their atmospheres for signs of biological activity)

  在雅思阅读考试中,大多数的细节题(TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN, Multiple choice, Summary)答案出现的顺序都有规律可循。简单的说都遵循顺序原则,也就是每道题目在原文中出现的顺序和题号的顺序是一致的。例如:第一题会在第二题前面出现,第二题会在第三题前出现。但是这个规律只局限于每道大题之内,各种题型间就不遵循这个规律了。有的时候考生在解题时如果一时无法找到某道题目的答案位置,可将本道题目前后的题目答案都找到,前后两道题中间相隔的部分就是本道题目的答案出处。例如:如果考生在题目中发现第一题的出处在文章A段,第二题的出处在文章C段,那么就可以很快确定第二题的答案位置应该在A段第一题出处和C段第三题出处的中间。这样不但可以帮助定位,还可以帮助解答NOT GIVEN选项。

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