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雅思学术类写作范文(一)

发布时间:2013-09-05 10:21:51 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编
  首先我们来看一下2007年6月2日的考题:这个题目由2个饼图组成,主体段首先以描写第一个饼图开始,而第一个饼图首先先写的是占最大份额...

 

  首先我们来看一下2007年6月2日的考题:这个题目由2个饼图组成,主体段首先以描写第一个饼图开始,而第一个饼图首先先写的是占最大份额的那块扇形,即TV,从图中我们可以看到,美国普通人在TV上花的时间最多,要远远高于其他媒体,因此,它的表象意义可以说成是TV是最受欢迎的媒体,转换成句子即:

  It is noticeable that TV obtained the highest popularity among the US general population, with a total of 4hrs 28min being spent on it, which accounted for over half of the first graph.

  请注意在这个句子中,"最受欢迎"的表达方式用…obtain the highest popularity…,而非很多人的第一反应…be the most popular…,因为这样写从句型档次上来说更高,而且可以避免medium单数的拼写错误(很多人搞不清楚media的单复数形式)。另外,在句子前面加上It is noticeable that可以突出数据"最大"的明显性,这个主句的结构建议大家也要熟记。

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  同样的写法可以应用于2008年10月11日的考题,同样为2个饼图,在第一个饼图中"最大值"full-time course占据了38%的份额,用表象意义来写的话可以这样:

  It is noticeable that full-time course obtains the highest popularity among the employees, with slightly over one third of them attending it.

  曾经有学生会这样写:

  Full-time course constitutes over one third of the first chart或者是Slightly over one third of the employees choose full-time course.

  若以这样的写法描述其表象意义的话显然效果就不明显了,因为这样写的话无法突出full-time course是份额最大的,因为单纯写38%这个数据,无法让读者获悉这个课程是否是最受欢迎的课程,因为也许会有超过50%以上的份额的课程存在,因此我们在用表象意义写的时候要密切注意意思的合理性。

  下面,朗阁小编为大家整理了一个雅思学术性写作的范文,大家也可以参考下!

  Writing Task 1

  You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  The chart below shows the number of men and women in further education in Britain in three periods and whether they were studying full-time or part-time.

  Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

  You should write at least 150 words.

  The most prominent trend shown in the graph is an enormous rise in the number of people traveling to and from work by car in the 40 years from 1950 to 1990. In the same period, there was a steep drop in the numbers of people riding bicycles or walking. In addition, the trend was accompanied by a slight decline in the number of bus users.

  In 1950, only about 5% of all commuters used cars. This shot up to over 25% in 1970, and to about 30% in 1990. The number of foot travelers halved in both 20-year periods successively, and bike riders followed suit. The use of buses rose sharply until 1970, and then declined to somewhat lower than its former level over the next 20 years.

  The graph suggests that people are becoming less active. In 1950, most people traveled to and from work in th is city either on foot or, to a slightly lesser extent, by bike. But by 1990, cars were by far the most popular mode of transport, and almost as many people were still traveling by bus in 1990 as in 1950, with very few using bikes or walking.

  Writing Task 2

  You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

  Present a written argument or case to an educated non-specialist audience on the following topic.

  The first car appeared on British roads in 1888. By the year 2000 there may be as many as 29 million vehicles on British roads.

  Should alternative forms of transport be encouraged and international laws introduced to control car ownership and use?

  You should write at least 250 words.

  You should use your own ideas, knowledge and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence.

  There is general a greement that there are far too many automobiles crowding the roads nowadays. In fact, it is estimated that there will be as many as 29 million motor vehicles on British roads by the year 2000. Not only do these motor vehicles cause inconvenience in the form of traffic jams and accidents, they also contribute to the planet’s ever-worsening air pollution.

  In my opinion, we must encourage alternative forms of transport. If more people rode bicycles or traveled by public transport they would be healthier and suffer less from stress, the roads would be less congested and safer, and the air in our cities would be cleaner. An added benefit would be that people would have more money to spend on more people than private cars can, and subway systems, of course, take passengers off the streets entirely. Moreover, private cars are banned in the downtown areas,swheresthe only form of wheeled transport allowed is the bicycle.

  However, it is necessary that these efforts to improve the traffic situation be backed up by international laws to control the ownership and use of cars. This is because, first of all, pollution caused by automobiles is worldwide problem. Secondly, more people are traveling by car to other countries nowadays.

  If measures are taken in a planned way to encourage alternative forms of transportation, and international laws put in place to control car ownership and use, there is no doubt that the result will be safer roads, a healthier lifestyle and a less-polluted atmosphere.

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