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雅思阅读模拟练习题汇总(一)

发布时间:2013-09-03 16:21:25 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编
  在雅思阅读考试中,大家在阅读的时候一定要注意,不管后面的题目里有没有考查主旨大意或要求选最佳标题,我们都必须通过抓住每段的中心...

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  在雅思阅读考试中,大家在阅读的时候一定要注意,不管后面的题目里有没有考查主旨大意或要求选最佳标题,我们都必须通过抓住每段的中心意思从而掌握整篇文章的大意和中心思想——因为文章里的每个单词、每个句子、每个段落都是为这个中心服务的,无论是考查细节理解或是推断或作者态度,都离不开这个中心思想!

  下面,宁波朗阁为大家整理了雅思阅读模拟练习题,大家可以参考一下!

  This reading test contains 10 questions. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

  Read the passage below and answer questions 1-10.

  Language Conservation and Revitalisation

  It is estimated that around of the approximately six thousand languages that are spoken today, over three thousand of them are likely to have disappeared by the year 2100. Many of these are now classified as endangered languages and are classified as such by factors such as the number of speakers a language has, the age of the speakers, and the percentage of the youngest generation acquiring fluency in the language. For example, a language with many tens of thousands of speakers may be considered endangered if the children in the community are no longer learning the language. This scenario may happen in a place like Indonesia which as many different languages in use, but is trying to make communication easier by teaching a national language nation-wide. In another scenario, a language may only have a few hundred speakers but may not be considered endangered because all of the children in the community are learning the language.

  Once a language is classified as endangered, conservation efforts may be made in an attempt to save or revive the language. Whether or not to make such efforts is a decision which is ultimately made by the speakers of the language themselves, but success often requires a great deal of help and approval from the government or other authorities.

  One of the most famous language conservation success stories is that of the Welsh language. Historically, large numbers of Welsh people spoke only Welsh, but eventually English became the main language of Wales and fewer and fewer people learned Welsh. Conservation efforts began to be made in the mid-20th century with the establishment of such organisations as the Welsh Language Association in 1962. The Welsh Language Act and the Government of Wales Act, both passed in the 1990s, protected the Welsh language and made sure that English and Welsh would have equal status in Wales. Since 2000, the study of the Welsh language has been a compulsory subject in school. Today, over 22% of the population of Wales are Welsh speakers, up from 18% in 1991.

  Another famous example, Hebrew, is not so much a story of language conservation as much as language revitalisation. Hebrew was once a spoken language but by the 4th century BCE it had been replaced by Aramaic. Hebrew continued to be used for religious purposes and in literature but the language was no longer used for everyday purposes. In the 19th century, there was a movement to revive Hebrew as a spoken language, and when the State of Israel was founded in 1948, Hebrew was adopted as the official language. There was some resistance to this idea, as Hebrew was considered a religious language, not a language to be used for common communication. In addition, because Hebrew was an ancient language, it lacked many of the words that are used in modern times and many new words had to be coined. However, because there was a need for a common language in Israel, the language was accepted and now thrives.

  The successes of language conservation are many, but many more attempts at language preservation do not succeed and there are many languages that have not survived except for a few recordings made by the last native speakers before their deaths. In some cases, the number of remaining speakers at the start of conservation efforts was not enough to sustain revitalisation, and in others, efforts may fail because there is often no economic benefit to learning an endangered language at the expense of a more commonly spoken national or international language.

  宁波朗阁提醒考生注意,雅思阅读考试需要掌握好方法——定位关键句!

  寻找主题句,掌握段落主要思想。(look for the topic sentence and master the main idea)

  主题句的位置可以在句首,句中或句末。但在句首的比例通常达到50%-60%,句末是主题句的可能性为30%左右。

  细看(scanning)

  在寻找某些具体信息时,阅读者需要仔细阅读,定位自己所要的信息。这是雅思考试中运用最多的阅读技能,对考生寻找答案的位置非常重要。

  识别逻辑词 (recognizing signal words)

  逻辑词表达前后句子的某种逻辑关系。通常有5种逻辑关系词。这些词对考生写作也很有帮助。关于更多逻辑词的介绍可以参看无忧雅思网的阅读频道的其他文章。

  并列关系:

  and, furthermore, more than that, also, likewise, moreover, in addition, what is more, for instance, for example,

  转折关系:

  although, however, on the contrary, but, in spite of , nevertheless, yet, otherwise, despite

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