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雅思阅读背景知识:麻将

发布时间:2013-05-03 15:20:43 来源:朗阁培训中心 编辑:朗阁小编

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  为方便我们广大考生备考迎考,宁波雅思为大家搜集整理了雅思阅读背景知识:麻将,供大家参考使用,希望会对大家有所帮助。  麻将运动...
  为方便我们广大考生备考迎考,宁波雅思为大家搜集整理了雅思阅读背景知识:麻将,供大家参考使用,希望会对大家有所帮助。
  麻将运动在中国广大的城乡十分普及,流行范围涉及到社会各个阶层、各个领域,已经进入到千家万户,成为中国最具规模和影响力的智力体育活动。麻将运动的客观存在是当今中国任何人都无法回避的现实。
  麻将是汉族发明的益智游戏,牌类娱乐用具,用竹子、骨头或塑料制成的小长方块,上面刻有花纹或字样,每副136张。
  有人说,麻将牌马吊牌、纸牌发展、演变而来的。而马吊牌、纸牌等娱乐游戏,又都与中国历史上最古老的娱乐游戏——博戏有着千丝万缕的联系。甚至是“血缘”关系。流行的棋、牌等博弈戏娱,无不是在博戏的基础上发展、派生、演变而来的。
  According to "YanShiJiaXun, miscellaneous" contained, the game was divided into large, small Bo bo. The chess method Bo has not test. Xiao Bo's gameplay in the "ancient Bo more detailed records by". The method is: two people sit, the board is 12, two for water. The rectangular black and white six pieces on the board. And with the fish two, placed in the water. Both sides take turns throwing Joan (i.e. dice), according to the size of a recovery, to determine a pawn forward step number. At the end of the chess pieces, stand up, be brave chess (or owl chess). Be brave move, can enter the water "holding fish" was raised. The six chips for the win. Without strong chess, chess is called dispersion. Xiao Qi can attack the opponent, can give up the chance to walk without moving, and chess are not.
  麻雀牌三种基础花色的名字叫做“万、束、筒”。“筒”的图案就是火药枪的横截面,“筒”即是枪筒,几筒则表示几支火药枪。“索”即“束”,是用细束绳串起来的雀鸟,所以“一索”的图案以鸟代表,几索就是几束鸟,奖金则是按鸟的多少计算的。“万”即是赏钱的单位,几万就是赏钱的数目。
  In the late Ming and early Qing Ma tag popular at the same time, by horse tag derived from a "card" (also known as silent and licensing) drama and entertainment appliances. It is for four people to play, made of paper cards two inch wide, less than an inch. The beginning of a total of 60 cards, divided into paper money, bamboo, all three kinds of color, the color is between one and nine of the two, Yao tou and another color (i.e. mahjong in, hair, white) of the two. Bucket of cards, four before ten, then in turn takes cards, cards. The three pieces together brand name is a vice, three plus a pair of cards is the winner. The winning title called "and" (sound Hu). When playing a card, two or even three at the same time to inform, to get a license for first win. These cards and game play is like today's tiles. The game play in the process of always hold one's tongue, so called tacit and licensing.
  镇江麻将引是一个四个人才能玩的游戏。游戏开始时,由一名玩家执筛起庄(东南西北),再由庄家执筛确定抓牌起点。庄家的意义在于他一开始可以拿十四张牌,其它玩者只能取十三张牌。镇江麻将算法论和牌和搭,具体和牌及搭算多少银子可以随意定。镇江麻将引中各种和牌方式是累加的。和牌方式有下面几种:自摸或冲就能和牌;如果两家同时要胡放炮者的牌,离放炮者近的那家胡。
  作为一种中国传统的文化现象,麻将运动确有其表现形式上的多元性。正因为如此,有人认为,麻将是中国传统文化的一个重要组成部分,其独特价值堪称国之瑰宝;不过也有人深恶痛绝,认为麻将是赌博之首,其罪恶程度几与吸毒无异。
扩展阅读:雅思阅读背景知识:蜂鸟       雅思阅读背景知识:桥牌
  以上就是宁波雅思培训小编为大家搜集整理的雅思阅读背景知识:麻将,想了解更多学习知识和技巧,欢迎您关注我们。最后,宁波教育预祝考生们考出好成绩!
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