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读书可以提高人们的想象力和语言技能

发布时间:2014-05-12 14:16:42 来源:宁波朗阁培训中心 编辑:宁波朗阁小编
朗阁雅思培训名师给大家解析看书与看电视截然不同。Question: Some people spend more time reading books, while others prefer

朗阁雅思培训名师给大家解析看书与看电视截然不同。Question: Some people spend more time reading books, while others prefer to watch TV. The former group is more likely to develop creative imaginations and have a much better grasp of language skills. Do you agree or disagree?

 

 

  解读:这个题目的意思是有些人会花很多时间读书,而其他人则是喜欢看电视。前者更有可能会锻炼他们的创造力和想象力,并且他们的语言技能的掌握会更好。问考生同意还是不同意。这个题目整体的难度比较大。容易的地方是,如果考生的观点是同意的话,那么这个题目的两个分论点在题目当中已经给出来了。但是难点却在于这两个分论点的难度比较大,尤其是第一个分论点,创造力和想象力是非常抽象的概念,可能对考生来说很难展开。而且,这里的难度更大的是要让考生去作对比,考生需要去清晰地说明为什么读书可以提高人们的想象力和语言技能而看电视则不可以。如果考生的逻辑清晰,能够充分地论证这两个层面的话,则可以很好地应对这个题目。

 

 

  1st argument:

 

 

  It is beyond any dispute that reading can better cultivate such inherent mental faculties as creative imaginations compared to watching TV. Book, by nature, is a one-dimensional form of information output and thus fails to provide a comprehensive picture of what the book intends to deliver to the readers, leaving much room on the readers’ side for free, unrestrained imagination and individual interpretation. Most readers will conjure up imaginary pictures in their heads based on their past experiences, often in a subconscious fashion. TV programs, on the other hand, provide viewers with multi-dimensional information, including sounds, pictures, and video clips. Since the whole picture is vividly presented to the readers, it leaves little or even no room for individual imagination. For instance, the literary masterpiece titled “Pride and Prejudice” picks countryside as the setting for the story. Readers of varying backgrounds and life experiences are likely to form vastly different pictures of what the countryside looks like-apparently, a modern Chinese village hardly resembles in any way to that in early Britain. However, for viewers of the movie adapted from this book, they are all looking at the same scenery of a village imagined by the director of the movie.

 

 

  2nd argument:

 

 

  Reading can out of doubt boost people’s language skills in ways that is unrealistic for TV. It is useful to acknowledge the fact that linguistic expression is an essential criterion in gauging the quality of a book, but the same criterion is not equally applicable in assessing the quality of a TV program. Granted, the progression of the story and the deep, profound, underlying meaning intended to convey to the readers are the essence of a book, but the use of language is highly disciplined as well, to say the least, for the language used serves as a vehicle through which the complicated meaning of the story can be reached out to the inner world of the readers. By contrast, language in a movie barely draws the attention of the viewers. Ratings of a particular movie are largely based on how well the actors perform rather than how well they speak. Besides, even in the case of a movie adapted from a literary masterpiece, only a fraction of the original language in the book is retained, for most of the language in the original book is simply too difficult for TV viewers to comprehend, given the sheer information bombardment on a media such as TV. Books, on the other hand, give readers virtually unlimited flexibility in pacing their reading at a speed they are comfortable with, allowing them to process, digest, and eventually learn the difficult written language in the book.

 

 

  3rd argument:

 

 

  However, it should be noted that people can be easily bored by the written texts in black-and-white on the print media. Despite the potential of book to stimulate readers’ creative imaginations and boost their language skills, readers may not be consistently interested and last until the end. However, the TV program is far more interesting. Besides, readers of diverse educational backgrounds may have different interpretations of the meaning of the book, some of which may be entirely wrong or misguided. It is inevitable that some undereducated readers may totally misunderstand the author’s intended meaning encapsulated in the book.

 

 

  思路:

 

 

  整篇文章所采取的态度是相比看电视来说,书确实能够锻炼人们的想象力,创造力,和帮助人们更好地学习语言技能。书本,作为一种纸质媒体,其信息是一维的,并没有办法把作者想表达的意思以一种清晰的图像的形式完美地呈现给读者,这就给了读者以巨大的想象的空间。很多人就很有可能根据他们之前的经历在脑海中想象着各种各样的图片,而且这种行为往往是下意识的。电视则不同。它给了观众多维的信息,包括声音,图像,视频等。因为电视把整个的图像完整地呈现给了读者,这就给读者留下了很小的,甚至说没有任何想象的空间。比如说,像著名文学作品《傲慢与偏见》。这本书选择了乡村作为整个故事的背景。有着不同背景和生活经验的读者很可能在他们的脑海里形成了不同的乡村的景色,就好比一个现代的中国村子和早期的英国乡村一定是有巨大区别的。但如果观众观看的这本书所改编而成的某一部电影,他们所看到的都是一样的景象,那就是导演心中的乡村的画面的样子。

 

 

  其次,读书相比电视而言能更多地让人们学习到更多的语言技能。我们必须要首先清楚地意识到语言表达是衡量一本书的重要的标准。当然,对于一本书来说,故事情节的发展以及作者所要表达的深层的含义是这本书的关键,但语言的准确与精炼也是极为重要的,因为语言起到一个承载作用,将复杂的故事情节传递到读者的内心世界。相比而言,一部电影里面的语言则很少引起观众的注意。对一部电影的评价主要是基于演员的表演水平,而并不是他们的语言。而且,即便是从一本书里面改编而来的电影,只有一小部分原来的语言成功地保留了下来,因为大多数的原创语言对于观众来说很难读懂,因为电视里面有大量的信息输出。而书给了学生足够大的灵活性,去以自己的速度来读书,这样一来就能让读者更好地去吸收、消化,并且学习书里的语言。

 

 

  但是,人们读书的话很容易就感受到无聊,而如果看电视的话,可能会更有兴趣。而且,如果看书的话,可能一些接受教育程度比较低的人反而会误解作者的意图。

 

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